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ADOPTED PROJECT: The Gateway Study

A single-site pragmatic Randomised Control Trial to examine the effectiveness of an OCBI known as ‘Gateway’ on improving health and well-being of offenders aged 18-24, as well as reducing recidivism and improving victim satisfaction

Chief Investigator: Professor Julie Parkes – University of Southampton

Project Team Members

Dr Sara Morgan – University of Southampton, Dr Inna Walker – University of Southampton, Professor Catherine Hewitt – University of York, Professor David Torgerson – University of York, Professor Jenny Fleming – University of Southampton, Professor James Raftery – University of Southampton, Inspector Stu Baker – Hampshire Constabulary Sergeant Caroline Chapman – Hampshire Constabulary, Dr Alison Booth – University of York, Mrs Ann Cochrane – University of York, Mr Alex Mitchell – University of York, Mrs Valerie Wadsworth – University of York, Mrs Megan Barlow-Pay – University of Southampton, Ms Lana Weir – University of Southampton.

Organisations Involved: Hampton Trust charity, No Limits charity, Aurora New Dawn

Background
Young adult offenders commonly have a range of health and social needs, making them vulnerable to mental health problems. If you are aged between 18-24 years old and have committed a crime, you may need to attend court and face convictions or prison. However, many believe that more should be done to prevent young adults from entering the criminal justice system in the first place.

The study aims to determine whether a new out of court programme, named Gateway, improves the health and wellbeing of young adult offenders aged 18-24, and influences their chance of offending again, and gives victim satisfaction.

The Gateway programme is issued as a conditional caution and has been developed by Hampshire Constabulary (HC), in partnership with local community groups, with an aim to improve the life chances of young adult offenders. In the programme, a mentor assesses the needs of each adult and develops a care pathway with referrals to healthcare. The young adult offenders then participate in two workshops about empathy, and the causes and consequences of their behaviour. Such intervention programmes are believed to improve the health and well-being of young offenders and reduce criminal behaviour. However, there is currently little information about the extent of this improvement.

To find out whether the programme works, this research study compares a group of young adult offenders taking part in the Gateway programme as a conditional caution with a group of non- participants who are required to appear in court or given a different conditional caution.