COMPLETED: The Wessex FRIEND Toolbox (Family Risk IdEntificatioN and Decision)
Principal Investigator: Professor Nisreen Alwan and Dr Dianna Smith
Team members: Professor Nisreen Alwan (Professor in Public Health, School of Primary Care and Population Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton), Dr Dianna Smith (Lecturer in Geographic Information Science, Geography & Environment, University of Southampton), Professor Paul Roderick (Professor of Public Health, School of Primary Care and Population Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton), Dr Ivaylo Vassilev (Principal Research Fellow, School of Health Sciences, University of Southampton), Dr Grace Grove (Clinical Research Fellow, School of Primary Care, Population Sciences and Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton), Dr Nida Ziauddeen (Research Fellow, School of Primary Care, Population Sciences and Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton),Dr Lauren Wilson (Research Fellow, Geography & Environment, University of Southampton)
Start: 21 October 2019
Ends: 30 September 2022
Project Partners: University of Southampton, Solent NHS Trust, Southampton City Council, Portsmouth City Council, Hampshire County Council, Health Education England, Oxford Brookes University
We know that prioritising health is complex, particularly for families living in social and economic disadvantage. The SLOPE CORE tool estimates the future risk of childhood overweight at the start of primary school. It can be used by health professionals in consultation with the families they are working with to help facilitate various interventions towards the prevention of childhood obesity. We are testing the acceptability and feasibility of this tool in the first phase of the Wessex FRIEND project, as part of a broader programme of work, aiming to improve the health of children and families in Wessex. We are trialling it with health visitors in the first instance, just so that we can get some initial feedback and improve it before combining it with other components of interventions.
We are also refining and tailoring area-based child poverty, food poverty and greenspace access measures to the local and regional context and population, so that our risk tool takes into account the area profile and resources where the family lives. These area-based measures, which represent neighbourhoods, may also be used independently by local governments and civil society/third sector to help in targeting resources to better support people living in areas of higher risk for food and child poverty, or with poorer access to greenspaces.
The next stage of the project will involve combining the SLOPE CORE tool with the area-based risk measures on one platform, the Wessex FRIEND (Family Risk IdEntificatioN and Decision) Toolbox, to be utilised by frontline professionals dealing with disadvantaged families. Within this platform, we will also test the feasibility of the Generating Engagement in Network Involvement (Genie), a facilitated social networking intervention, which aims to support families think about their social networks and what is available in their local community to support healthy activities.
We are really hoping to find out how health visitors and parents find the Toolbox, so that we can improve it, and think about how it could be used (or not!) in the future. We are also looking to better understand the Enhanced Child Health Visiting Offer (ECHO) programme delivered by Solent NHS Trust, and explore the relationship between health visitors and families within this unique programme. This is important to describe the health visitor’s role in building relationships and addressing the wider determinants of the health and wellbeing of families living in challenging circumstances.
Ziauddeen, N., Roderick, P., Santorelli, G., Wright, J., & Alwan, N.A. (2022). Childhood overweight and obesity at the start of primary school: external validation of pregnancy and early-life prediction models. PLOS Glob Public Health. 2(6): e0000258.
Ziauddeen, N., Roderick, P., Santorelli, G., Wright, J., & Alwan, N.A. (2020). OP55 Childhood overweight and obesity at the start of primary school: external validation of pregnancy and early-life prediction models. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 74(Supplement 1), A26. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2020-SSMabstracts.54
Smith, D.M., Rixson, L., Grove, G., Ziauddeen, N., Vassilev, I., Taheem, R., Roderick, P., & Alwan, N.A. Household food insecurity risk indices for English neighbourhoods: measures to support local policy decisions. MedRxiv 2022:22273530. https://doi.org/10.1101/2022.04.06.22273530 (preprint and minor revisions requested at PLOS ONE)
Smith, D. and Thompson, C. (2022) Food Deserts and Food Insecurity in the UK. Routledge.
Further funding because of this research:
ARC Wessex - Wessex DIET: Determining the Impact of covid-19 on food sEcurity in young families and Testing interventions
MRC Clinical Research Fellowship (Dr Grace Grove) - Investigating the impact of food vouchers on diet composition and the prevention of childhood obesity
The food security risk index has been included in the JSNA for Hampshire and has contributed to JSNAs and food aid planning in Dorset, Hampshire and further resource planning in Lancaster, Hull Hertfordshire and Greater Manchester to name a selection of Local Authorities, demonstrating the wider reach beyond Wessex.