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Ageing & Dementia Publications

DIALOR (DIgitAL cOaching for fRailty): protocol for a single-arm mixed-methods feasibility study of a digital health coaching intervention for older people with frailty in primary care

Sait MI, Christie RA, Cox C, Board M, Thomas S, O'Sullivan C, Davies C, Walker DM, Vassallo M, Sadler EA, Allen-Pick M, Moore P, Bradbury K, Murphy J.


Multidomain interventions in older adults offer the best opportunity to prevent, delay or reverse existing symptoms in the earlier stages of frailty and improve independence but can be costly, and difficult to deliver at scale. However, digital health interventions enable personalised care and empowerment through self-management of long-term conditions, used at any time and when combined with health coaching offer the potential to enhance well-being and facilitate the achievement of health-related goals. 


We aim to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of a digital health platform for long-term disease management combined with health coaching for people living with mild-moderate frailty, targeting self-identified goals-activity, nutrition, mood, enhancing social engagement and well-being.



https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2023-080480

May 2024

Ageing & Dementia

Barriers and motivators to undertaking physical activity in adults over 70-a systematic review of the quantitative literature

Kilgour AHM, Rutherford M, Higson J, Meredith SJ, McNiff J, Mitchell S, Wijayendran A, Lim SER, Shenkin SD


Physical activity (PA) has multiple benefits for older adults (≥70 years old). Despite this many older adults do not undertake the World Health Organisation guideline recommended amount of PA. This systematic review examines barriers and motivators to PA in adults aged ≥70 years.


We analysed the quantitative literature, including observational studies and baseline data from randomised controlled trials. Studies examining specific diseases (e.g. cognitive impairment), or care home residents were excluded. Database searches of ASSIA, CINAHL, Embase, Medline, PsycINFO and Web of Science were undertaken on 7 March 2023. Quality assessment was performed using the ROBANS tool. We synthesised the results using the socioecological model. The protocol was registered on PROSPERO (CRD42021160503)


https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afae080

April 2024

Ageing & Dementia

Consequences of Anorexia of Aging in Hospital Settings: An Updated Review

Cox NJ


The anorexia of aging is a widespread problem amongst older people, particularly in the hospital setting with up to 60% affected. Despite its high prevalence anorexia often goes undiagnosed in hospital, due to a lack of standardized assessment and evidence-based management, but also lack of knowledge regarding consequences. 


This review summarizes current evidence for anorexia of aging specific to the hospital setting, giving an overview of correlates of appetite in hospital and consequences of anorexia. It highlights an overall scarcity of research on this important clinical problem for hospitalized cohorts. The few studies point to the importance of anorexia of aging in major health burdens for older people, namely malnutrition, sarcopenia and reduced physical performance, as well as higher mortality. Further research is needed to assess temporal sequence in pathways of causality and to develop effective interventions to combat anorexia.


https://doi.org/10.2147/cia.s431547

March 2024

Ageing & Dementia

Healthcare professionals' experiences and views of providing continence support and advice to people living at home with dementia: "That's a carer's job"

Bradbury B, Chester H, Santer M, Morrison L, Fader M, Ward J, Manthorpe J, Murphy C


People living with dementia at home and their family carers often feel unsupported by healthcare professionals in managing continence problems. In turn, primary and community-based healthcare professionals have reported lacking specific knowledge on dementia-continence. 


This study aimed to understand more about healthcare professionals' experiences and views of supporting people living with dementia experiencing continence problems, as part of developing acceptable resources. Having a nuanced understanding of unmet need would facilitate the design of engaging resources that enable healthcare professionals to provide more effective continence support to people living with dementia at home.


https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-024-04830-8

March 2024

Ageing & Dementia

Towards an improved dementia care experience in clinical radiography practice: A state-of-the-art review

Abowari-Sapeh   ME, Ackah JA, Murphy JL, Akudjedu TN


The increasing global incidence rate of dementia and associated co/multimorbidity has consequently led to a rise in the number of people with dementia (PwD) requiring clinical radiography care services. This review aims to explore and integrate findings from diverse settings with a focus on the experiences of PwD and stakeholders, towards the development of a holistic approach for dementia care and management within the context of radiography services.


https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmir.2024.01.008

February 2024

Ageing & Dementia

 The anorexia of ageing and risk of mortality: More than a story of malnutrition?

Cox NJ,   Lim SE


Appetite loss or anorexia due to physiological, psychological and socioenvironmental effects of the aging process is termed the anorexia of aging.


The link between anorexia of aging and mortality has subsequently been established by a number of longitudinal studies across multiple settings.


Despite the association, clear interpretation of the mechanistic relationship between anorexia of aging and mortality, has been limited.


https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnha.2024.100173

February 2024

Ageing & Dementia

Perfusion Imaging and Inflammation Biomarkers Provide Complementary Information in Alzheimer's Disease

Michopoulou S, Prosser A, Dickson J, Guy M, Teeling JL, Kipps C


Single photon emission tomography (SPECT) can detect early changes in brain perfusion to support the diagnosis of dementia. Inflammation is a driver for dementia progression and measures of inflammation may further support dementia diagnosis.


In this study, we assessed whether combining imaging with markers of inflammation improves prediction of the likelihood of Alzheimer's disease (AD).


https://doi.org/10.3233/jad-230726

January 2024

Ageing & Dementia

 How can I improve cancer services for people with dementia?

Farrington   N, Richardson A, Bridges J


Tips and guidance on making cancer services


People with dementia have poorer cancer outcomes than those without, and are more likely to experience complications and poorer overall survival (McWilliams et al 2017). Few interventions are designed for older people with cancer and complex needs, such as those with dementia (Farrington et al 2022).


doi: 10.7748/cnp.21.5.22.s10

October 2023

Ageing & Dementia

Artificial intelligence for diagnostic and prognostic neuroimaging in dementia: A systematic review

Borchert RJ, Azevedo T, Badhwar A, Bernal J, Betts M, Bruffaerts R, Burkhart MC, Dewachter I, Gellersen HM, Low A, Lourida I, Machado L, Madan CR, Malpetti M, Mejia J, Michopoulou S, Muñoz-Neira C, Pepys J, Peres M, Phillips V, Ramanan S, Tamburin S, Tantiangco HM, Thakur L, Tomassini A, Vipin A, Tang E, Newby D; Deep Dementia Phenotyping (DEMON) Network; Ranson JM, Llewellyn DJ, Veldsman M, Rittman T


Introduction: Artificial intelligence (AI) and neuroimaging offer new opportunities for diagnosis and prognosis of dementia.


Methods: We systematically reviewed studies reporting AI for neuroimaging in diagnosis and/or prognosis of cognitive neurodegenerative diseases.


https://doi.org/10.1002/alz.13412

August 2023

Ageing & Dementia

Case management for integrated care of older people with frailty in community settings

Sadler E, Khadjesari Z, Ziemann A, Sheehan KJ, Whitney J, Wilson D, Bakolis I, Sevdalis N, Sandall J, Soukup T, Corbett T, Gonçalves-Bradley DC, Walker DM


Ageing populations globally have contributed to increasing numbers of people living with frailty, which has significant implications for use of health and care services and costs. The British Geriatrics Society defines frailty as "a distinctive health state related to the ageing process in which multiple body systems gradually lose their inbuilt reserves". This leads to an increased susceptibility to adverse outcomes, such as reduced physical function, poorer quality of life, hospital admissions, and mortality. 


Case management interventions delivered in community settings are led by a health or social care professional, supported by a multidisciplinary team, and focus on the planning, provision, and co-ordination of care to meet the needs of the individual. Case management is one model of integrated care that has gained traction with policymakers to improve outcomes for populations at high risk of decline in health and well-being. These populations include older people living with frailty, who commonly have complex healthcare and social care needs but can experience poorly co-ordinated care due to fragmented care systems.


Objectives: To assess the effects of case management for integrated care of older people living with frailty compared with usual care.


https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.cd013088.pub2

May 2023

Ageing & Dementia

Frequency, duration, and type of physiotherapy in the week after hip fracture surgery - analysis of implications for discharge home, readmission, survival, and recovery of mobility

Almilaji O, Ayis S, Goubar A, Beaupre L, Cameron ID, Milton-Cole R, Gregson CL, Johansen A, Kristensen MT, Magaziner J, Martin FC, Sackley C, Sadler E, Smith TO, Sobolev B, Sheehan KJ


Purpose: To examine the association between physiotherapy access after hip fracture and discharge home, readmission, survival, and mobility recovery.


Methods: A 2017 Physiotherapy Hip Fracture Sprint Audit was linked to hospital records for 5383 patients. Logistic regression was used to estimate the association between physiotherapy access in the first postoperative week and discharge home, 30-day readmission post-discharge, 30-day survival and 120-days mobility recovery post-admission adjusted for age, sex, American Society of Anesthesiology grade, Hospital Frailty Risk Score and prefracture mobility/residence.


https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physio.2023.03.002

September 2023

Ageing & Dementia

Physiotherapists' perspectives of barriers and facilitators to effective community provision after hip fracture: a qualitative study in England

Adams J,   Jones GD, Sadler E, Guerra S, Sobolev B, Sackley C, Sheehan KJ.


Purpose: to investigate physiotherapists' perspectives of effective community provision following hip fracture.


Methods: qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with 17 community physiotherapists across England. Thematic analysis drawing on the Theoretical Domains Framework identified barriers and facilitators to implementation of effective provision. Interviews were complemented by process mapping community provision in one London borough, to identify points of care where suggested interventions are in place and/or could be implemented.


https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afad130

September 2023

Ageing & Dementia

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